Lentera bahasa pemograman

Sumber : http://www.lextrait.com/Vincent/implementations.html

Per Maret 2016

Family/Product Date ASM C C++ Java C# Others Notes
Operating Systems
Microsoft Windows
 
      Some attempts were made to put some C# in Windows Mobile (e.g. the soft keyboard). The result was judged too slow to be incorporated in the final product and was reverted to C++.
The windows kernel is written in C (and compiled as C).
The amount of assembler is limited to a few thousand lines.
Linux
   
         
   
    Objective-C The first version of user interface of the MacOS was inspired by the Xerox Alto user interface which introduced the WIMP concept. The user interface was implemented in SmallTalk, and to run it, the hardware was far too expensive for mass market. Early versions of MacOS used Assembler and Pascal.
Sun Solaris
   
         
HP-UX    
         
Google Chrome OS
2009
 
      Google Chrome is based on Linux and Chrome.
OSv
2013
   
       
Family/Product
Date
ASM
C
C++
Java
C#
Others
Notes
Operating Systems for Mobiles
2007  
    Objective-C The iPhone, iPod Touch and iPad use a modified version of Mac OS.
2008
 
    Android is based on Linux, which is coded in C. The user interface is Java. Apps (not covered here) are mostly Java.
     
      RIM makes it mandatory for application developers to use Java as a programming language on BlackBerry. People tend to confuse this with the technology used to develop the operating system. The BlackBerry OS itself is developed using C++.
2007
 
        The Kindle runs Linux.
 
 


(2013)

      Symbian was still the leading operating system for phones in 2010. Its market share dropped to 4.4% in Q2 2012. It has been declared dead on January 24, 2013.
Family/Product
Date
ASM
C
C++
Java
C#
Others
Notes
Graphical Layers
Microsoft Windows UI      
       
Apple MacOS UI (Aqua)      
       
Gnome    
       
KDE      
       
Family/Product
Date
ASM
C
C++
Java
C#
Others
Notes
Desktop Search
Google Desktop Search      
       
Microsoft Windows Desktop Search      
       
Beagle          


(2009)

   
Family/Product
Date
ASM
C
C++
Java
C#
Others
Notes
Office Products
 
      Traditionally, MS Office was developed using assembler, then development moved to C, later, when C++ arose, everything new was done using C++. Currently there is no plan to change. A small attempt was made to develop a miscellaneous single panel in C#, a few years back. It is not known if it has been kept.
     
    Apache Open Office, acquired in 1999 by Sun Microsystems from Star Division. No attempt has been made by Sun to convert the code into Java. Java is however used for some miscellaneous modules.
     
  Python This is a fork of OpenOffice. The code is still mainly C++. Some Python added.
     

(August 1997)

    Corel Office, initially developed in Assembler and C, moved to Corel Office for Java, fully developed in Java for portability in 1996, and abandoned in August 1997 because it was too slow. The code was later redeveloped using C and C++.
Adobe Systems Acrobat Reader/Distiller      
       
Evernote      
 

(October 2010)

  Evernote v3.5 was coded in C#. The technology had to be changed to gain speed. The current programming language from v4.0 is C++.
Family/Product
Date
ASM
C
C++
Java
C#
Others
Notes
RDBMS
 
    Only Assembler, C and C++ in the core.
   
       
   
    Perl MariaDB is a fork of MySQL. More than half of the code is C++. The remainder is made of C and Perl.
 
       
 
       
 
       
SAP DB/MaxDB      
       
Family/Product
Date
ASM
C
C++
Java
C#
Others
Notes
NoSQL databases, Big data
     
       
     
  Python, Go, Ruby At Google, all infrastructure is done using C++, and C++ alone. Peripheral functions can be developed using other languages.
       
    Hadoop is inspired from Google File System.
       
     
2015
   
      ScyllaDB is a C++ rewrite of the Java-based Apache Cassandra. It claims a 10-fold improvement in performance over Cassandra. This would be at least in part due to the usage of a C++ framework: Seastar.
2009
   
       
            Erlang  
2015
   
      Couchbase source base, initially CouchDB, was first Erlang-based, like CouchDB. Then some Go was added. In 2012, 2+ man months chasing a very low level race bug in Erlang’s virtual machine, Erlang was not considered trustable, and C was gradually introduced. In 2013, Damien Katz wrote about his discovery of C’s merits. In spite of Katz’ criticism of C++, after his departure from Couchbase, the code was actively converted to C++.
2011
   
      Done by Google.
2016
   
      Fork of LevelDB done by Facebook.
Family/Product
Date
ASM
C
C++
Java
C#
Others
Notes
Web Browsers
Microsoft Edge (ex. Internet Explorer)
2014
   
       
     
       
   
    The code of Netscape browser was written in C, and Netscape engineers, all bought to Java (see M. Cusumano book and article) redeveloped the browser using Java. It was too slow and abandoned. Mozilla, the next version, was later developed using C++.
7-Jan-03
   
      Browser for Apple Mac OS, its foundation is WebKit, a C++ framework.
2-Sept-08
   
      Chrome has been introduced as the combination of 26 different libraries. The base code comes from WebKit (C++) which powers Safari as well. One of its key propositions is the ultra fast V8 JavaScript engine, written essentially in C++.
       


(1999)

    HotJava never took off, it was far too slow compared to other browsers. It became a showcase for the Java applet technology and the product is now frozen since 1999.
     
       
     
  Pike Opera Mini (2007) has a very funny architecture, and is indeed using C++, Java and Pike. The browser is split in two parts, an ultra thin (less than 100Kb) “viewer” client part and a server side responsible of rendering. The first uses Java and receives the page under the OBML format, the latter reuses classical Opera (C++) rendering engine plus Opera’s Small Screen Rendering, on the server. A significant part of the server uses Pike. This original architecture allows Opera to penetrate various J2ME-enabled portable devices, such as phones, while preserving excellent response time. This comes obviously with a few sacrifices, for instance on JavaScript execution.
   
        Mosaic was the first widely spread browser, it morphed into Netscape.
Family/Product
Date
ASM
C
C++
Java
C#
Others
Notes
Mail Clients
     
       
       
     
Family/Product
Date
ASM
C
C++
Java
C#
Others
Notes
Development Environments
Microsoft Visual Studio      
 
  Visual Studio 2010 was still mostly native code, but for the UI presentation it adopted the managed WPF framework. This holds true for later versions. plug-ins are also using more and more C#.
Eclipse        

(see notes)
    To build Eclipse, a specific graphical toolkit was developed, SWT to replace Java classical AWT or Swing (considered too slow). SWT is a thin Java layer on top of native C/C++ code. SWT is now part of Eclipse RCP.
Family/Product
Date
ASM
C
C++
Java
C#
Others
Notes
Virtual Machines
Microsoft .Net CLR      
       
Java Virtual Machine (JVM)      
       
Family/Product
Date
ASM
C
C++
Java
C#
Others
Notes
ERP
SAP ERP    
   

ABAP
SAP ERP is programmed in ABAP, which generates C code. The SAP kernel is itself coded using C and C++.
Oracle Peoplesoft      
  Peoplesoft relied on BEA Tuxedo and C++ code, now moving to Oracle WebLogic and Java, keeping the PeopleCode language. The C++ code is apparently not reengineered.
Oracle E-Business Suite        
     
Family/Product
Date
ASM
C
C++
Java
C#
Others
Notes
Business Intelligence
Business Objects      
       
Family/Product
Date
ASM
C
C++
Java
C#
Others
Notes
Graphics Editors
Adobe Photoshop      
       
The GIMP    
      Some Perl  
Family/Product
Date
ASM
C
C++
Java
C#
Others
Notes
Search Engines
Google  
 
       
Family/Product
Date
ASM
C
C++
Java
C#
Others
Notes
Web Sites
eBay      
(2002) 
    Information on eBay architecture and the move from C++ to Java can be found here.  
PayPal      
       
Amazon      
 
    Amazon initially using C++ extensively is now using an increasing amount of Java.
facebook
26-Sep-2006
   
   

PHP
This line is only about facebook, not its plugins. Plugins can be developed in many different technologies, thanks to facebook’s ORB/application server, Thrift. Thrift contains a compiler coded in C++. facebook people write about Thrift: “The multi-language code generation is well suited for search because it allows for application development in an efficient server side language (C++) and allows the Facebook PHP-based web application to make calls to the search service using Thrift PHP libraries.” Aside the use of C++, facebook has adopted a LAMP architecture.
In 2009 and 2010, facebook developers have made a shift towards C++ with HipHop, a PHP to C++ translator which allows to reduce by 50% the hardware needed to operate the site.
YouTube             Python, proprietary JavaScript In case of doubt, just have a look here. YouTube is i/o bound, so the technology business logic is made of is probably a bit irrelevant.
LinkedIn        
 
     
DropBox             Python, Go For details, have a look here.
Family/Product
Date
ASM
C
C++
Java
C#
Others
Notes
Games  
      A lot of games on smart phones are developed using Java. This entry refers to “full service” disk based games.
Family/Product
Date
ASM
C
C++
Java
C#
Others
Notes
Compilers/Interpreters
Microsoft Visual C++      
       
Microsoft Visual Basic      
       
Microsoft Visual C#      
      It is worth noting that Microsoft is running a project called Roslyn which contains a C# compiler written in C#.
gcc (GNU Compiler Collection)      
       
Clang/LLVM compiler suite      
       
javac (Sun Java compiler)        
     
Perl    
         
PHP    
        It must be noted that PHP is a script running a lot of imported libraries, themselves either programmed in C or C++.
Family/Product
Date
ASM
C
C++
Java
C#
Others
Notes
3D Engines
Microsoft DirectX      
       
OpenGL    
         
OGRE 3D      
       
Family/Product
Date
ASM
C
C++
Java
C#
Others
Notes
Web Servers
Apache    
       
Microsoft IIS      
       
Family/Product
Date
ASM
C
C++
Java
C#
Others
Notes
Mail Servers
Microsoft Exchange Server    
       
Postfix    
         
hMailServer      
 
   
Apache James        
    Apaches James has not evolved as a stable release since 2009.
Family/Product
Date
ASM
C
C++
Java
C#
Others
Notes
Web 2.0
MediaWiki             PHP Powers Wikipedia
TWiki             Perl  
Google Blogger             Python The software has been re-engineered several times, for instance in 2002 and 2006.
Google Wave 2009      


(August 2010)

    Google Wave user interface used Google Web Toolkit. which allowed to program the UI using Java and generate JavaScript code. The server used Java too.
Flickr             PHP  
Family/Product
Date
ASM
C
C++
Java
C#
Others
Notes
Digital audio editors
   
       
Family/Product
Date
ASM
C
C++
Java
C#
Others
Notes
CD/DVD Authoring
Nero Burning ROM      
       
K3B      
       
Family/Product
Date
ASM
C
C++
Java
C#
Others
Notes
Multimedia Players
   
    Objective-C, Lua  
Nullsoft Winamp      
       
Microsoft Windows Media Player      
       
Apple iPod software      
       
Family/Product
Date
ASM
C
C++
Java
C#
Others
Notes
Peer to Peer
eMule      
       
µtorrent      
       
Vuze (previously Azureus)        
    Vuze is built on top of SWT, see notes corresponding to Eclipse.
Family/Product
Date
ASM
C
C++
Java
C#
Others
Notes
GPS Systems
TomTom      
       
Hertz NeverLost      
       
Garmin      
       
Motorola VIAMOTO
2003
     


(June 2007)

    Motorola VIAMOTO was a smart phone “connected” GPS implementation, with a Java client-side. It was re-branded by a number of car rental companies. For instance, Avis Assist was another name for the Motorola VIAMOTO product. Avis have withdrawn this product and are now offering Garmin in the USA and TomTom in Europe. Motorola withdrew the product in June 2007. Alamo/National who had re-branded the system “Navigation Station” will also discontinue the service.
Family/Product
Date
ASM
C
C++
Java
C#
Others
Notes
Universal remotes
Logitech Harmony 1000/1100 2009      


(2009)

  The UI of the Harmony 1100 is now Flash based vs the Java UI found in the Harmony 1000.